LINE OF TERRITORIAL NEW MEXICO
c. 1850 - 1889
Designated as a territory and denied statehood.
New Mexico at that time included the present-day state of Arizona,
southern Colorado, southern Utah and southern Nevada.
Bishop Jean Baptiste Lamy arrives in New Mexico.
Established schools, hospitals and orphanages throughout the territory.
The Gadsden Purchase from Mexico.
Adds 45,000 square miles to the territory.
The Confederate Army invades New Mexico from Texas.
The Confederate Territory of Arizona is declared with capital
at La Mesilla southern New Mexico.
Territory of New Mexico loses northern most section to the creation
of the Territory of Colorado.
Confederate occupation ends in New Mexico.
Battles of Velarde and Glorieta Pass.
Territory of New Mexico is divided.
Territory of Arizona is created.
"The Long Walk".
Navajos and Apaches are relocated to Bosque Redondo in the plains
of eastern New Mexico.
Navajos and Apaches are allowed to return to their homelands after
thousands died from disease and starvation.
The railroad arrives.
Opens trade and migration from the East and Midwest.
Lincoln County Wars erupt in southeastern New Mexico.
William H. Bonney, "Billy the Kid".
Shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett near Fort Sumner, NM.
Indian hostilities end in Southwest.
Thomas A. Edison films first movie.
"Indian Day School".